Friday 25th May 2018,
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Are You Aware of Kidney Disease in Children?

Are You Aware of Kidney Disease in Children?

Every year ‘World Kidney Day’ is celebrated on 10th March around the globe. This year, the World Kidney Day is dedicated to Kidney Disease in Children. The majority of kidney diseases in children are due to congenital (birth defects) and genetic problems. However, the other bounce house slide causes can’t be ignored – for instance, infections. Therefore, it is very important for all of us to understand childhood related kidney disease and intervene early to prevent future complications in adults.

Remember! Chronic kidney Disease has no symptoms – awareness is a key to prevention.

What are the common causes of kidney disease in children?

One of the common causes of kidney disease in children is Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), which is secondary to infections or diarrheal illness.AKI is often reversible. Children with AKI may have long-term problems that could lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD) later in life. Children often die, not from the infection, but because of AKI caused by dehydration and low blood pressure, In addition, there is a clear indication that kidney disease in adult with symptoms such as high blood pressure, protein in urine actually begins in childhood as early as in the womb itself and in the first few years of life. Therefore, it is very important to identify and understand childhood-related kidney disease and intervene early to prevent future complications.

Kidney Disease in Children

Who are at risk?

Premature babies (babies born before full term); children born at term, but with relatively low birth weights may be at high risk for hypertension, protein in the urine and chronic kidney disease later in their lives. Children with a family history of kidney disease, diabetes, urinary tract infections, any difficulty in passing urine, and who pass frothy or abnormal looking urine should have their kidneys checked.

How to identify kidney disease in children?

With regular antenatal checkups and fetal ultrasounds, many children with kidney abnormalities can be identified before birth. Some children develop facial swelling or leg swelling which can be due to an abnormality in kidneys causing protein leak in the urine. Simple urine and blood tests are enough to identify kidney disease. The doctor based on the initial examination, medical history and symptoms recommends urine and blood tests. An ultrasound scan or CT scan and other special tests may also be recommended depending on the problem.

Kidney Disease

What are the complications of kidney disease?

Kidney disease in children can cause high blood pressure, enlargement of the heart, low haemoglobin; affect child’s growth, make bones brittle and affect overall well-being and performance of a child in school. Furthermore, due to negligence in treating the condition early many adolescents in their prime and productive years find themselves on dialysis, which is quite pathetic. Therefore, the whole family should understand the important of recognizing and treating kidney disease early to prevent permanent & irreversible kidney damage and dialysis.

Act early to prevent kidney disease in its tracks

causes of kidney disease in children

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About The Author

Dr.Kavitha Gone is a consultant Nephrologist with 10 years of experience in the field of Nephrology. She has worked as a consultant in a large teaching hospital in U.K. with a haemodialysis population of approximately 470, a PD population of approximately 100 and transplant unit performing 120-150 transplants peryear.She has extensive experience in managing Acute Kidney Injury in Intensive care units .Her sub speciality interest are Haemodialysis ,Peritoneal dialysis,Vascular Access and Renal Transplantation.

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