Q1. It has been found that stress related disorders are increasing in India? What is stress-related disorder and how does it affect the mental health and also social and professional relationship of the person?
Stress related disorders are on the rise in the 21st century. India is still on the crossroads where though technology has evolved, basic mindset of individuals still remains orthodox and clinging on to old age customs. People do find it difficult to manage both the sides and to evolve as successful individuals.
stress is something unseen, it cannot be measured and varies from individual to individual. What seems stressful to one need not to the other.
Stress related disorders can include post traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder etc. It lessens the capacity of the individual and quality of life is affected.
Interactions with people can come down. At office, because of stress there can be irritable behavior and not able to concentrate completely on work thus reducing the efficacy.
Q2. The common mental disorders like depression, anxiety and personality disorders were estimated to be 10 per cent in the Indian population? Why are these disorders on the rise? Is it because of the work and family culture and lack of support systems at the home level? What are the reasons?
Depression and anxiety are rising due to the changing lifestyles and fast paced life. Everyone is in a hurry to achieve and earning money. Comparisons with peers increases pressure to catch up with them and raise their standards. Though education and technology have improved family lives are still stuck with the old age patterns. Though men are supporting women but still a huge gap has to be fulfilled. Women still have to manage both work and family and fulfill many obligations.
A family comprises of happy people and when even a single person is unhappy results in tension in the entire family. Joint family culture has come down and with both working parents the pressure on the woman rises.
Not spending proper time with the children and gadget usage increase can result in some unwanted personality traits in the child when he grows up.
Q3. What is tobacco-use disorder? How does this disorder affect the family and also the professional relationships at work and in business? This disorder is recorded the highest at 32.8 per cent?
Tobacco use disorders – Psychological symptoms caused by regular usage of tobacco. Medical complications are also associated. Nicotine smoking or chewing can cause anxiety , depression, and also anger issues. Many people get dependent on it. Dependency includes craving for the tobacco, feeling restless if not taking it, increasing the frequency of intake, leaving other pleasures behind to obtain tobacco etc.
Due to irritability rise there can be interpersonal issues within and outside the family. Concentration is affected and the person would not be able to perform to his full capacity.
Q4. What is the reason for the high prevalence rates in the age-group of 40 to 49 years of age? Are these due to common mental disorders? The Indian government’s national survey shows that females are more susceptible in this age group? Why?
Depression is on the rise between 30 to 50years of age group. Females are more vulnerable due to high expectations from them to fulfill all the roles possible. They do not get much support from the male counterparts and lot of obligations to be fulfilled in the Indian cultural point of view.
Q5. What are the early symptoms of common mental disorders? How must family members identify it and seek help?
Early symptoms include irritable behavior, not eating well, not showing interest to talking or communicating with people, withdrawn behavior, not feeling like enjoying things, low energy levels, getting tensed and worrying too often.
Family members should evaluate and empathise with the individual and not criticise them for their behavior. One should never feel ashamed to consult a professional for mental health needs.
Q6. Why is it very important to complete the treatment and not leave it the half way?
Treatments for depressions and anxiety include medications and non medications. Medications have a course of treatment duration and they act slowly. when treatment if left in between , chances of relapse or recurrence of symptoms are on the high.
Q7. What are the other therapies like yoga, medication and also other relaxation methods which must be practiced to deal with mental disorders? Do they help?
Yoga and meditation do help. But special emphasise on physical exercise and eating proper diet at proper time is also equally important. Due to busy schedules many individuals do not consume food at proper time.
Last but not the least Talking is the best form of therapy. the more they talk to someone about their problems the more relief they would get.