Department of Dermatology
Dermatology is related to the diagnosis, treatment, prevention of diseases occurring in the skin, hair, nails, oral cavity and genitals. It also covers cosmetic care and enhancement. The skin serves as a protective shield against heat, light, injury and infection. It also regulates body temperature, stores water and fat, prevents water loss, and is a sensory organ that can signal danger. Therefore, when the skin is not functioning properly, the effects are likely to be uncomfortable, and often unsightly. When left untreated, they can even be life-threatening.
The Department of Dermatology at Continental Hospitals excels at carrying out complete dermatological care for both common and rare problems of skin, hair, nails and mucous membranes. Our dermatologists combine their years of specialized experience with the most sophisticated technology to offer our patients the highest quality of medical care. The department offers consultation within several specialties to serve the needs of patients with complex or severe skin disorders.
Technology at Department of Dermatology
Facilities at Department of Dermatology
Cosmetic treatments at Continental Hospitals are carried out effectively and safely in the hands of skilled dermatologists and surgeons. Usually, they last less than thirty minutes and patients can resume their normal activities immediately following a treatment. Our dermatologists provide comprehensive care for common skin problems, including acne, blemishes, keratoses, moles, rosacea and sun-damaged skin.
Dermatology is comprehensively covered in the following sub specialties:
General Dermatology: Under General Dermatology comes a vast scope of dermatological problems. These are commonly occurring and can be treated medically with topical creams or oral medication. Conditions treated under General Dermatology are:
- Dermatitis: Dermatitis is a common condition characterized by inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis can have many causes and occurs in many forms. It usually involves an itchy rash on swollen, reddened skin. Skin affected by dermatitis may blister, ooze, develop a crust or flake off. Examples of dermatitis include atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff and rashes caused by contact with any of a number of substances, such as poison ivy, soaps and jewelry with nickel in it.
- Eczema: Eczema is a general term for any superficial inflammatory process involving the epidermis primarily. It is marked early by redness, itching, minute papules and vesicles, weeping, oozing and crusting, and later by scaling and often pigmentation. It is caused by a number of reasons, therefore proper investigation of cause is necessary before starting medication. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition that commonly starts during infancy and continues through into childhood. In some cases, patients outgrow the condition while in others the condition carries through adulthood.
- Psoriasis: Psoriasis is a common and persistent skin disease that causes cells to rapidly build up on the surface of the skin. The condition alters the life cycle of the skin cells and the extra skin cells give rise to thick and silvery scales that are dry, itchy and often painful. Skin cells affected by psicriasis can multiply upto 10 times faster than regular cells.
- Acne and Warts: Acne is a skin problem characterized by several types of pimples, including whiteheads, blackheads, nodules, cysts, pustules and papules. They grow when hair follicles (pores) get plugged up with natural skin oil and dead cells. They look like little red bumps or large lumps on the skin, depending on their severity, and some develop a head. Acne is caused by pores that get clogged up with dead skin cells and excessive oil. The pores get inflamed, resulting in a pimple. Warts on the other hand, are small, rounded growths of dark or flesh colors and usually feel rough. They start out tiny and may take several months to grow to a noticeable size.
- Infectious viral, bacterial and fungal skin diseases: The three main causes of a skin infection are bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Many types of bacteria can cause a skin infection. The two most common are staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus. Viral skin infections are most often caused by one of three groups of viruses: poxvirus, human papillomavirus, and herpes simplex virus. Skin infections can also be caused by fungi, most commonly yeast. A decreased immune system can increase the chances of a skin infection. In addition, fungi often grow in warm, moist environments. Wearing sweaty or wet clothes can be a risk factor for skin infections. A break or cut in the skin may allow bacteria to get into the deeper layer of the skin.
Surgical Dermatology: Surgical Dermatology mainly revolves around the treatment and management of Skin Cancer such as melanoma, high-risk basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and various rare tumors. The department has facilities for all kinds of dermatosurgeries including vitiligo surgery, nail surgeries, acne scar surgeries, hair removal, scar revisions, removal of cysts, skin growths & tumors, microdermabrasions, dermabrasions, electro surgeries, radiofrequency surgeries, cryosurgeries etc, with management of critical dermatological ailments like Steven's Johnsons Syndrome, Scleroderma, Severe drug reactions etc.